Publikationen zum Thema Spiroergometrie


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  • Nr Titel Autoren/Institut Segement Produkt
  • 2016-032 Modeling Intermittent Cycling Performance in Hypoxia Using the Critical Power Concept Samantha Shearman, Dan Dwyer, Philip Skiba, Nathan
Produktbereich: Sport
Veröffentlichung: Article
Sprache: Article
Verlag/Herausgeber: American College of Sports Medicine

Abstract:

SAMANTHA SHEARMAN, DAN DWYER, PHILIP SKIBA, and NATHAN TOWNSENDSHEARMAN, S., D. DWYER, P. SKIBA, and N. TOWNSEND. Modeling Intermittent Cycling Performance in Hypoxia Using the Critical Power Concept. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 48, No. 3, pp. 527–535, 2016. Purpose: This study investigated the efficacy of an intermittent critical power (CP) model, termed the ‘‘work-balance’’  model, during high-intensity exercise in hypoxia (HYPO). Methods: Eleven trained male cyclists (mean T SD age, 27 T 6.6 yr; V ̇ O2peak, 4.79 T 0.56 LIminj1) completed a maximal ramp test and a 3-min ‘‘all-out’’ test to determine CP and work performed above. On another day, an intermittent exercise test to task failure was performed. All procedures were performed in normoxia (NORM) and HYPO (FiO2 , 0.155) in a single-blind, randomized, and counter- balanced experimental design. The W BAL model was used to calculate the minimum W  (W BALmin) achieved during the intermittent test. The W BALmin in HYPO was also calculated using CP + W  derived in NORM (N + H). Results: In HYPO, there was an 18% decrease in V ̇ O2peak (4.79 T 0.56 vs 3.93 T 0.47 LIminj1; P G 0.001) and a 9% decrease in CP (347 T 45 vs 316 T 46 W; P G 0.001). No significant change for W  occurred (13.4 T 3.9 vs 13.7 T 4.9 kJ; P = 0.69; NORM vs HYPO). The change in V ̇ O2peak was significantly correlated with the change in CP (r = 0.72; P = 0.01). There was no difference between NORM and HYPO for W BALmin (1.1 T 0.9 kJ vs 1.2 T 0.6 kJ). The N + H analysis grossly overestimated W BALmin (7.8 T 3.4 kJ) compared with HYPO (P G 0.001). Conclusion: The W BAL model produced similar results in HYPO and NORM, but only when model parameters were determined under the same environmental conditions as the performance task. Application of the W BAL model at altitude requires a modification of the model or that CP and W  are measured at altitude. Key Words: ALTITUDE, WORK-BALANCE, HIGH-INTENSITY, FATIGUE

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